TS-LV Snow Net

Area of Application

Snow nets are static defense structures installed on steep slopes to prevent the initiation of avalanches. They are most often used for protecting urbanized areas and linear infrastructure such as roads, pipelines and other utility corridors that pass through mountainous terrain. Snow nets are similar to larger steel structures such as snow bridges but are more cost effective for snow depths up to 4.5 m and have a smaller constructive and aesthetic impact.

Net Position

The nets are supported by a post and bearing rope structure, with the net sprung between the post head and lower bearing rope located upslope of the system. Downslope retaining ropes lock the post into position. Typical post spacing is approximately every 4 m. Fence rows are installed in series, blanketing the initiation zone. Dimensioning of the system, including fence row spacing is dictated by design methods according to the Swiss or Austrian guidelines.

Snow Retention

During the winter, the net fills with snow as it accumulates on the slope. As the net deforms, the load is transferred to the post and bearing ropes system and led into the ground. When the snow begins to melt, the structure relaxes and returns to its original state.

Upslope Anchorage

The lower bearing rope is led through a series of anchors on the upslope side of the system. A variety of solutions exist for these anchors including wire rope anchors, wire pack anchors, and systems using standard rock or soil anchors.

Lateral Anchorage

To maximize the efficiency of the system, triangular nets are installed at the lateral anchorage points to help capture as much snow as possible. All connections are made using shackles and thimbles to ensure a technically correct linkage and for ease of maintenance.

Base Plate

There is a variety of base plate configurations available. The solution uses a single tension anchor on the upslope side of the plate. The same plate can also be used for a “floating foundation” where no anchor is installed and instead retaining ropes are led from the plate to the upslope anchors used for securing the lower bearing ropes.

Post Head and Foot

The post head is designed to allow the deflection of the bearing rope while at the same time locking it into position using U-bolts. The connection between the post and base plate is with a ball-and-socket coupling.

Installation Packages

Snow net systems are designed with ease of installation in mind. Since installation sites are normally difficult to access, net and post packages are prepared at a lay-down site and delivered by helicopter. By preparing the packages in this way it eliminates the need for heavy machinery as the system can be installed by hand.

ModelTS-LV Snow Net
Design Pressure
up to 150
Available Heights
[m (ft)]
up to 4.5
Primary Net
ModelOmega-Net 6.0/135Omega-Net 7.5/135
TypeSteel Wire CableSteel Wire Cable
Rope Diameter
[mm (inch)]
Rope Construction1 x 7 Spiral1 x 7 Spiral
Single Wire Diameter
[mm (inch)]
Corrosion ProtectionZn/ZnAl (Class A)Zn/ZnAl (Class A)
Mesh Size
[mm (inch)]
135 x 135
(5.3 x 5.3)
135 x 135
(5.3 x 5.3)
Unit Weight
Mesh Tensile Strength
calculated [kN/m (lbf/ft)]
Connection to Main RopesThreadedThreaded
Connection to Adjacent Panel5/16" Shackle3/8" Shackle

The primary net material used in Trumer systems is called the Omega-Net. It is a steel cable net made from spiral rope that has thick individual wires to resist abrasion. The strands of rope are pre-bent into arcs resembling an omega shape and then woven together to make the net. This process yields an extremely strong net with high flexibility and energy absorption characteristics.

Bearing Ropes
per fence segment
Max. Rope Diameter
[mm (inch)]
Corrosion ProtectionZn or ZnAl (Class A or B)
Brake Element
per rope
Brake Element Typen/a
Retaining Ropes
per post
Max. Rope Diameter
[mm (inch)]
Corrosion ProtectionZn or ZnAl (Class A or B)
Brake Element
per rope
Brake Element Typen/a
Support Structure
Post TypeHEA/HEB
Post-Base Connection Hinged
Integrated LadderRungs every 0.5 m (19")
Rope GuidesIntegrated
Base Plate ConnectionBall and Socket
per base plate
Post Base Support
1.Post; 2.Base Plate; 3.Ball and Socket; 4.Anchor Nut; 5.Anchor
Base Plate Layout
Typical Cross Section
1.Post; 2.Base Plate; 3.Omega-Net; 4.Downslope retaining rope; 5.Upper Bearing Rope; 6.Anchor; 7.Downslope anchorage; 8.Lateral Anchor 9.Retaining Anchor;
A-B-C. Progressive deformation with increasing snow cover
Post Heads
1.Inner post; 2.Outer post; 3.U-bolt; 4.Bar for securing rope; 5.Installation aid; 6.Transportation aid; 7.Downslope retaining rope;
Typical Layout (Front View)
1.Inner post; 2.Outer post; 2.Upper Bearing Rope; 3.Lower Bearing Rope; 5.Upper bearing rope for triangular net; 6.Downslope retaining rope; 7.Downslope anchorage; 8.Lateral Anchor 9.Retaining Anchor; 10.Rectangular Omega-Net; 11.Triangular Omega-Net

NOTE: Every avalanche structure is custom designed for a specific site and loading conditions and so the exact details of the system will very from site to site. This is an important aspect of avalanche mitigation since standardized (e.g. CE marked systems) cannot address site specific requirements.

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